Nov 10, 2013    Views: 2926

f,dj úYsIaG;u Yla;sckl mdkh - fmd,aj;=r

fmd,aj;=r jeks ihsfgdalhskSka j,ska fmdfydi;a wydr iq,nj ,nd.ekSu "§¾.dhqI ú§ug iy jhig hdfï§ u;=jk ixl=,;d wju lr .ekSug;a fhdjqka fmkqu jeä ld,hla /l .ekSug;a bjy,a jkq we;'

wdydr msiSu i|yd fmd,a f.ähla ì¢kyeu wjia;djl§u fmd,a nEhgu lg;nd" fmd,a j;=r mdkh lsÍu mqreoaola lr .;awdÉÑ wïud flfkl= wfma .fï úiSh' fmd,a j;=rfndkafka wehs oeehs wefÛka weiQ úg weh ÿkafka lÈu ms<s;=rls'

f.ïnkaf.a" Èhnßhkaf.a u< uQ;% ke;s" wdhqI
jeä fjk hi msßisÿ j;=r äx.'

oeka wjqreÿ 85 la jk" .srejdm;a;=fõ fï wdÉÑ;ju;a l%shdYS,Sj Ôj;a jk w;r" ireidr fmd,a.ia ál lmd bvï lÜá fldg" úl=Kd Okj;a j"fmd,a j;=r fjkqjg" msálsß" isis,a îu" wrlal="ìh¾ mdkh l< wef.a orefjda" wehg;a l,ska ñhmrf,dj .sfhdah'

äðg,a hq.fha fjik wef.a uqkqnqre ñksìßhka ud¿ mdka" m%hsâ rhsia" mSid" fydÜfvd.aia" fvdakÜialñka" meKs îu" wrlal= ìh¾ iy tk¾ð äkalaia o fndñka wld,fha f,v frda. je<|.ksñka tf,dj .uk blauka lr .ksñka isà'

fmd,a .i furg ckhd ye¢kajQfha lmarellshdh' tfia weu;Su w;sYhskau idOdrK hehs lshd is;kakg ldrKdjka fndfyduhlau we;' furg ckhd fmd,a .fia m%fhdackhg fkd.;a" wyl oeuQ lsisjla fkdue;' ck Ôú;fha fmd,a .i m%fhdackhg fkd.;a lsisÿ jeo.;a wjia:djla fkdùh'

—fmdf<dj m<d .,la ÿáka
t., m<d ߧ ÿáka
ߧ <sf|a Èh;a ÿáka…''˜

tfia l=vd <uqkaf.a f;arú<s j,g o mdol jQ" fmd,a j;=r" l=reïnd j;=r" wkdÈu;a lf,l isg f,dalfha úúO rgj, frda. iqj lsÍu i|yd o Ndú;hg f.k ;sfnkjd'

iuldikakfha rgj, jefjk fmd,a ms<sn|ngysr cd;Ska fkdoek isá ksidfjka" fuu Ydlfha T!Iëh jákdlu ms<sn|j fï uE;la jk ;=re iqÿcd;Ska f.a wjOdkh fhduq jQfha ke;' wfkla w;g Tjqkaf.a bß`.=" fidahd" t<j¿ f;,a iy ud.ßkaj¾. úl=Kd .ekSfï wruqKq fjkqfjka fmd,a f;,a" fmd,a uofha iy fmd,a j;=frys we;s úiañ;.=Kh ys;du;du jika l< ksidfjka" Tjqka fmd,a ie,l=fõ fi!LHhg wys;lr" yoj;a frda. j,g ;=vq fok wdydrhla f,ih'

Tjqkaf.a oekqu Tiafia ;Skaÿ ;SrK .;a wm úiska o fmd,a f;,a" fmd,a uoh fukau" fmd,a j;=ro lsisÿ jeo.ekaulg ke;s wdydrhka f,i i,ld wj{dfjka neyer lrkq ,eìK'

uE;l § Y%S ,xldfõ fmd,a ixj¾Ok uxv,h úiska mqj;a m;a j, m< lr ;snQ jd¾;djlska lshejqfka"furg jeishka Èklg fmd,a j;=r ,Sgr 50"000 la" iskala tlg y<k njhs' wm fldhs;rï fmd,a .ig wldreKsl ùo hkak f;areï .ekSug" tlS ldrKdj muKla jqj m%udKj;a jKq we;'

tneúka tlS ldrKdj o u;lfha ;nd f.ku"fmd,a" ;eô,s" l=reïnd j;=r ms<sn| fmr wmrÈ. úoHd{hska úiska lr we;s m¾fhaIK j, ;;= ú;a;sj,ska fy<sorjq flfrkd udye`.s .=Kh" fukau

fi!LH m%;s,dN o úuid n,uq'

fmdaIKfhka w;s úYsIag fmd,a j;=r" Ôjfhamdkhhs'

fmd,a j;=r fï f,dj we;s iqmsßis÷u mdkhhs'udi 9 la mqrd ffcj msßis÷ ùfï l%shdj,shg ,la ù ksmofjk fmd,a j;=r" Ôjdkq yß;h'

tys ixhq;sh wmf.a ffi, ma,iaudfõ" reêrfhawhksl ixhq;shg fnfyúkau iudk jk njúoHd{hska úiska fidhd f.k ;sfnkjd'

fuys iq,Nj mj;sk fmdgEishï" fidaähï"laf,drhsâ" ue.akSishï whk fukau' iq¿ jifhka we;s iajNdúl iSks ksidfjka" whksl;djh w;ska úYsIag .=K olajhs' fulS úYsIag whksl .=Kh ksidfjka " hqoaO j,§ nrm;, ;=jd, ,nk fid,aodÿjka i|yd fia,hska o%djKhla f,i fl,skau Ndú;hg f.k ;sfnk nj;a" fojk f,dal hqoaOfha§ muKla Ôú; 50"000 la muK fírd f.k ;sfnk nj;a b;sydi ;;= úuiSfï§ oek .kakg ;sfnkjd'

tfukau fmd,a j;=r wdydruh ;ka;= j,skaofmdfydi;ah' uex.kSia" whãka" i,a*¾" iskala" fif,kshï" le,aishï" fmdiamria" hlv yd úgñkaiS" î yd B o we;' ;jo fuys w;HdjYH weuehsfkda wï," ldnksl wï," tkaihsu j¾." m%;sTlaIsldrl"mhsfgdflñl,aia j¾." Ydl fydafudak j¾. fukau yoj;g ys;lr fïoho wka;¾.; fjkjd'

yoj; /l fok fmd,a j;=r'

fmd,a j;=frys ;sfnk wêl lKsc ,jk ixhq;sh ksidfjka" yDohdndO yd wêl reêr mSvkh je<elaùfï iqmsß wdydrhla f,i" úoHd{hska úiska fmd,a j;=r y÷kajd § we;'

fï ms<sn|j lr we;s wOHhkhl § fy<s ù we;af;a" wêl reêr mSvkfhka fm¿Kq frda.Ska i|yd fmd,a j;=r mdkh lrkakg §fuka" Tjqkaf.a frda. ;;a;ajh ishhg 71 lska wvq jQ njhs'

fmd,a j;=r ñ,s ,Sg¾ 100 l fmdgEishï ñ,s .a?ï 300 la muK ;sfnk w;r" tu m%udKh flfi,a j,g;a jvd jeä w.hls' tneúka fuh yoj; rlsk úYsIag wdydrhla f,i y÷kajkakg úoHd{hska miqng jkafka ke;'

fmd,a j;=frys wys;lr fld,iagfrda,a fkdue;s w;r" wOHhk j,§ fy<s ù we;af;a" wmf.a isref¾ ;sfnk wys;lr fld,iagfrda,a wvq lsÍug bjy,a jk" ys;lr fld,iagfrda,a uÜgu fmd,a j;=r îu ksidfjka by< hk njhs'

wfkla w;g reêr leá we;s ùu j<lajd,k .=Khla o fmd,a j;=frys wvx.= jk neúka " oreKq yDohdndO iy wd>d;h jeks frda. j,ska we;s jk wjOdku wvq lr .kakgo fmd,a j;=r mdkh bjy,a jk nj fidhd f.k we;'

jl=.vq /l .kakg" iy uQ;%dYfha .,a Èh lsÍug'

jl=.vq ;=< /f|k úúO úI mod¾:hka ksidfjka jl=.vq j,g isÿ jk ydks je<elaùu" fmd,a j;=r i;= ;j;a úYsIag .=Khla nj" m¾fhaIlhska fmkajd fokjd' tneúka u;a meka yd ji úi ksidfjka isÿjk jl=.vq krla ùu md,kh lsÍugo fmd,a j;=r m%fhdackj;a jkq we;'

ms,smSkfha phskSia uy frdayf,a" uQ;% jdyskS moaO;sh ms<sn| fomd¾;fïka;=fõ wOHlaI" ffjoH bhqðfkda uel,e,Eka uy;d fmkajd fokafka" i;shlg foj;djla fyda ;=ka j;djla muK fmd,a j;=r fyda l=reïnd mdkh l<" uQ;%dYfha .,a iEÈffY, l¾uhlska bj;a lsÍug kshñ;j isá frda.Skaf.a tu .,a j, úYd,;ajh wvq ù" fyda l=vd fldgia j,g leä ;snqKq nj;a" ta ksidfjka tajd ffY, l¾uhlska fkdj" idudkH T!IO m%;sldr u.ska iqjlsÍug yels jQ nj;ah'

wfkla w;g fmd,a j;=r fyd| uQ;% ldrlhla o fjhs' ^Diuretic&- uQ;% fyd¢ka my ùug;a" uQ;% ud¾. fha we;s jk wdidOk ^UTI&- iqj ùug;a" fmd,a j;=rfyd| TIOhla f,i ie,fla'

ji úi j,ska yd oreKq úi îc j,ska wdrlaIdúug'

wm%sldkq yd bkaÈhdkq fukau" Y%s ,xldfõo foaYSh ffjoH l¾ufha§ úi T!IO j," úi .;sh bj;alsÍug fmd,a j;=r Ndú; fldg ;sfnkjd'

tfukau" ngysr T!IO wê ud;%d j,ska YÍr.;ùul §" ^Over dose&- tajdfha úI yrKh lsÍug;a"furg ckhd wdydrhg .kq ,nk" wdydr j¾. j,we;ehs lshkq ,nk m<sfndaOkdYl fYaI fldgiafukau wdiksla yd leâñhï jeks ner f,day ksidfjka isÿ jk ydksh wju lsÍug;a fmd,a j;=r bjy,a úh yels njg úYajdi l< yels" úoHd;aul f;dr;=re fndfyduhlau we;'

fmd,a" l=reïnd" iy ;eì,s j;=frys wvx.= fjk fudfkdf,daÍka ^Monolaurine&- i;=j jHdêckl nelaàßhd" ffjria yd fm%dfgdfidajd fukau" ;o,smsv wdjrKhla iys; y¾mSia" ihsfgdfu.f,da jhsria j¾. ^Cytomegalovirus&- fukau" H1N1 jeksoreKq m%;sYHdldrl ffjria j¾.;a úkdY lsÍfï m%N, yelshdjla i;= jk nj mejfikjd' tfukau fudfkdf,daÍka i;= úYsIag l%shdldß;ajh ksidfjka wmf.a m%;sYla;slrK moaO;sh ÈhqKq flfrk ksidfjka" frda. j,ska wmj wdrlaId flfrk nj;a fidhd f.k we;'

fh!jk;ajfha" §¾>dhqI ,eîfï W,am;' - ihsfgdlhskSka'

fmd,a j;=frys ;sfnk úgñka" LKsc ,jk ydwksl=;a fmdaIK .=Khkag;a jvd jeo.;a úYsIag .=Kh jkafka" fuys ;sfnk Ydl ihsfgdlhskSka• ^Cytokinins&- ixfhda. j,ska wmf.a isrerg ,efnk .=Kh nj fkdwkqudkh"ihsfgdlhskska lshkafka" mhsfgdfyda¾fudakfkdfyd;a Ydl fyda¾fudakhka fjhs' fuu fyda¾fudakj¾. Ydlh jhig hdu" j¾Okh" úlikh ydixj¾Okh md,kh lsÍug bjy,a fõ'

kuq;a fuu Ydl fyda¾fudak j,ska ñksidgwe;s M, m%fhdackh ljf¾oehs" úoHd{fhda uE;la jk ;=reu fidhd f.k fkdisáhy'

flfia fj;;a" úoHd{hska oeka wjOdrKh lrkafka"fuu ihsfgdlhskSka j,ska fmdfydi;a wdydr iq,Nj,nd .ekSu" §¾>dhqI ú£u iy jhig hEfï §" u;=jk ixl+,;d wju ùug;a" fh!jk fmkqu jeä ld,hla /l .ekSug;a bjy,a jk njhs'fmd,a j;=r jkdyS fuu Ydl fudakhkaf.ka mßmQ¾K wdydrhls'

ms<sld md,kh lsÍfï .=Kh'

fmr lS" ihsfgdlhskska u.ska jhig hdu md,kh lsÍug wu;rj" ksfrda.S ffi, úNdckh hym;ajmj;ajd f.k hñka" ms<slduh ffi, úkdY lsÍug;a fya;= jk nj úoHd{ írEia *sf* • ^Bruce Fife& uy;d wjOdrKh lrkjd' óg wu;rj fmd,a j;=r" ms<sld we;s ùug fya;= jk" ksoyia uqla; LKavl úkdY lrk m%;sTlaIsldrl j,skao fmdfydi;a nj fidhd f.k we;'

nr wvq lr .ekSug lÈu mdkhls'

1999 j¾YfhA weußldfõ hdf,a iriúfha § lr we;s wOHhkhl § fy<s ù we;af;a" fmd,a j;=r iSkSiys; wdydr .ekSug flfkl= ;=< we;s jk lEorlu my lrk neúka" nr wvq lr .ekSug lÈu mdkhlaf,i fhdod .ekSug yels njh'

wfkla w;g úgñka iS iq,N wdydr ,nd .kakd Woúh nr md,kh lr .ekSfï iu;=ka nj" weßfidakd m%dka; iriúfha lr we;s ;j;a wOHhkhl § fy<s ù we;' fmd,a j;=r úgñka iS j,skao wkQkh'

fmd,a j;=frys ;sfnk fjk;a .=Khka…

  • Èhjeähd frda.h md,kfhys,d o fmd,a j;=r jeo.;a jk nj fidhd f.k ;sfnkjd'
  • tfukau f,dal wdydr yd lDIsl¾u ixúOdkfha


OdkS" fudaáka ieáka ^Mortin Satin& uy;d wjOdrKh lrkafka" fï f,dj ;sfnk úYsIag;u Yla;s ckl mdkh jkafka fmd,a j;=r njhs'

  • fmd,a j;=frys iskala yd fif,kshï jeks lKsc ,jk j¾. ;sfnk neúka" ,sx.sl ire Ndjhg;a" u|ireNdjh ÿre lsÍug;a fmd,a j;=r .=Kodhl nj mejfikjd'
  • fmd,a j;=frys ;sfnk úYsIag whksl .=Kh ksidfjka Tn ,nd .kakd T!IO j¾. f,fyisfhkau isrerg Wrd .ekSug;a fmd,a j;=r iyh olajk njfidhd f.k we;'
  • uy¿ Woúhg yd >K wdydr Èrùug wmyiq frda.Skag ,nd Èh yels úYsIag fmdaIKsh mdkhls'
  • fmd,a j;=r t< lsß j,g jvd fmdaIK ;;a;ajfhkaúYsIag jk w;r" úgñka ixhq;sfhka fodvï hqIhg;a jvd úYsIag fjhs'
  • ujq lsß j, ;sfnk f,daßla wï,h fmd,a j;=fryso;sfnk ksid ilia l< <|re lsß msá j¾. j,g jvd fmd,a j;=r .=Kodhl nj mejfikjd'
  • jukh hEu k;r lsÍfï .=Khla iy wdudYfha oeú,a," .eiag%hsáia frda.h" wdydr Ô¾K moaO;sfhawdndO" nv mqrjd oeóï" wÔ¾Kh" u< noaOh iqjlsÍfï .=Khla fmd,a j;=frys ;sfnk nj fidhdf.k we;'
  • weig ys;lrh' wefia iqo tu iy .a¨fldudfrda. ;;a;ajhka we;s ùu j<lajhs'
  • <uhskaf.a mKq frda. iy WordndO iqj lsÍug;afmd,a j;=r fyd| Tiqjla f,i Ndú; l< yelsh'
  • YÍrh wêlj fjfyfik wjia;d j, § iy úc,k;;a;ajhkayS § fmd,a j;=r fyda l=reïnd j;=r ,nd §fuka úYsIag .=K ,efnk nj mejfikjd'
  • mefmd," irïm iy YÍrfha m¨ oeóï iy W!IaK ìì,s j,ska iqjhla ,eîu i|yd fmd,a j;=r Ndysrj.e,a ùfuka iykhla ,efnk nj m¾fhaIlhska fidhd f.; we;'
  • iu /,s jeàu md,kh lrk w;r" ;=jd, iqjùugo odhl fjhs'
  • fmd,a j;=frys ;sfnk úYsIag .=Khka ksidfjkaf,dj mqrd ffjoHjre .¾N” ujqjrekag fmd,a j;=r" ;eì,s j;=r mdkh lrkakg Wmfoia foa'


fy< fj|lug ke;=ju neß fmd,a j;=r'

furg fy< fjolfuys,do fmd,a" l=rïnd iy;eì,s j;=r Ndú; flfrk wjia;d rdYshla ;sfnk nj meyeÈ,sj oel .; yelsh'

YÍrfha WIKh" odyh" iy fodia iukh lsÍu i|yd Ndú; flfrk —rdc úf¾lh" uQ;% .,a Èh lsÍug Ndú; lrk —je,s ye<sfha lIdh' —n,d úIaKqff;,h" jeks T!IO ixfhda. rdishla ilia lsÍug ;eì,s iy fmd,a j;=r Ndú; lrhs' iq,Nj fhfok T!IOhla my; olajkafka fmr lS m¾fhaIK j,ska ;yjqre flÍ mj;sk wfma me/kakkaf.a fYa%IaGoekqug Wmydrhla jkq msksih'

bruqiq msßisÿ fldg f.k ;,d" ;eì,s f.ählgoud weiai jid /hla ;nd" Wfoag mdkh lsÍfuka uQ;% úI ;;a;ajhka" uQ;% wdndO iukh flfrk njmejfia'

furgg meñfKk úfoaYsl ixpdrlhska is,a,r lv j,g f.dia fmd,a f.ä ñ, § f.k" tysisÿrla idojd f.k" mdrj,a whsfka wek;shd f.k iafg%da tllska mdkh lrkq Tn;a oel we;s' tfy;awjdikdjlg tu fjf<|ief,a isák ;rndre fjf<| uy;añh" Èkm;du fmd,a j;=r ál l=Kq ldKqjgoud" ji úi o ;sìh yels" ma,diaála fnd;,a j, wiqrd wõjg fõ,s fõ,s ;sfnk meKs îu fnda;,hlamdkh lrñka isákq we;'

b¢ka fï t<eU we;af;a" fmd,a .ia hg bmso" yDofrda. jl=.vq wdndO" ms,sld frda. jeks fnda fkdjkfrda. je<£ wld,fha ñh f.dia" fmd,a .ia hgu jf<aoukakg l,sfhka" fmd,a j;=f¾ Tiq ryia fukau riryia o wfma we;a;kag" lshjd meyeÈ,s lr Èh hq;=ld,hla nj fuys wka;sug ,shd ;nñ'

^úfYaI ia;+;sh - levqï ì÷ï yd i¾jdx. úfYaI{ wdhq¾fõo ffjoH lr|f.d,af,a ta' î' tï' chj¾Ok uy;dg&

- .euqKQ id,sh fmf¾rd'
uyck fi!LH mÍlaIl - we,a,

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