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Feb 09, 2013    Views: 2764

f.or fodr jev ,sx.sl Wkkaÿj wvqlrkjdÆ@


,j¢kak .sh foajd,h bfya lvd jefgkakd fia, hkqfjka .eñ lshukla mj;S' fyd|la lrkakg hdfuka krl kduhla wikakg isÿùu fyda fkdis;+úrE f,i úkdYhla w;aùu fuys,d woyia flfrhs' Bg iudk w;aoelSula ms<sn| kj;u wfußldkq iólaIK jd¾;djlska fy<sorõù we;s j. bl=;a i;sfha úfoia udOH úiska m%ldYhg m;a lr ;sìKs' th kï iajlSh ìß|‍g bjqï msyqï i|yd iyh fokakg hdfuka wehj ,sx.sl jYfhka i;=gq lsÍug we;s yelshdj wvqjk njhs' wfußldfõ fjdIsxgka iriúh úiska isÿlrk ,o kj;u iólaIKhlska fï  nj wkdjrKh ù we;s nj bl=;a i;sfha wfußldkq iudc úoHd{hskaf.a ix.ufha ,wfußldkq iudc úoHd Ydia;%Sh ix.%yfha,^American Sociological Review&m<úh' ‍

 fndfyda úIu ,sx.sl in|;d mj;ajkakka Tjqkaf.a fndfyda ,sx.sl tlaùï j,§ tlsfkldg ysñ iïm%odhsl NQñld rÛ olajk nj meyeÈ,sh'  fjdIsxgka iriúfha iyldr uydpd¾hjrhd fukau wfußldkq iudc úoHd Ydia;%Sh ix.%yfha iu l¾;Djrfhl= jk cQ,shd n%skaia fufia mjihs'

,f.or fodf¾ jev lghq;=j,§ msßñhdg yd ia;%Shg fjk fjku ld¾h Nd¾hhla mejÍ we;af;a hï fialao ta wdldrfhkau ,sx.sl in|;djhl§ Tjqfkdjqkag fjkajQ ld¾h Nd¾hhla mj;skjd,

flfia fj;;a fuu kj;u iólaIKh u.ska ;yjqreù we;s is;a weo.kakd iq¿ lreKq lsysmhls' fïjk úg fndfyda wUq)ieñhka ;udf.a f.a fodr lghq;= fnodyodf.k isÿlrk nj i;Hhls' tys§ msßñ md¾Yjh meh 17 la jevlrk úg ia;%S md¾Yjh tys fo.=Khla tkï meh 34 la jevlrk nj wkdjrKh ù we;' tfiau ta wdldrfhka jevm< fnodyod .;a fcdavq w;ßka ldka;d md¾Yjfha hhs lshkq ,nk ld¾hh fldgiao bgq lrk msßñ Woúh iys; ldka;djka b,lal lr.;a ksheÈhl§ Tjqkf.a ,sx.sl tl;=ùï m%;sY;hla f,i uilg 5 la jrla muKs' kuq;a meh 17 l ish ìß|g wh;a hhs ie,flk ld¾hh fldgia mjd bgqlrñka f.a fodr jev fnodyod fkd.;a msßñka we;=¿;a fcdavq fmrlS m%;sY;hg jvd uilg 1'6] la ,sx.sl tl;=ùï isÿlrkq ,nhs'

,sx.sl tl;=ùï fojrlg idfmalaIj ia;%Sh iajlSh msßñhdg jvd f.a fodr jevm< meh 68 la jeämqr bgqlrhs' f.a fodr jevm< msßñka úiska bgq l< hq;= nr jev yd ia;%Ska úiska bgq lrkq ,nk ieye,aÆ jev f,i fjkalrkq ,enqjfyd;a th Tjqfkdjqkaf.a ,sx.sl Ôú;h iu. iïnkaOj mj;shs' ksoiqkla f,i ,sx.sl Wkkaÿj" ,sx.sl wdl¾Ykh"fm<Uùu",sx.sl ryia yd ,sx.sl l%shdldrlï fukau ,sx.sl wdYdj iu. tlsfklg ne÷kq iïnkaOhla mj;sk nj n%skaia Star mqj;a fiajhg mjid ;sfí'

fuu iólaIKh i|yd fjdIsxgka úYaj úoHd,h fcdavq 4"500 lf.a u;h úuid we;s nj jd¾;d fõ' tlai;a ckmofha mjq,a yd l=gqïN ixrlaIK jHdmD;sh úiska iïnkaëlrKh lrk ,o fuu iólaIKhg wod< ld, mßÉfþoh f,i f.k we;af;a 1992 ) 1994 ld,hhs'

uE; ld,Sk újdyl ‍fcdavq iïnkaOfhka lrk ,o iólaIK flfrys wjOdkh fhduq l< úg tlS yeisÍïo fndfyda fia iudk nj ‍meyeÈ,s ù we;' 2005 jif¾ Ñldf.da úYaj úoHd,h úiska lrk ,o iólaIKhl§ újdyl fcdavqj, ,sx.sl tl;=ùï m%;sY;hla f,i .;a l< jirlg 66 j;djla muK jk nj oelafjhs' tkï i;shlg tla jrlg oYu .dKla ;rï iq¿ m%;sY;hls' iólaIK wOHlaI fgdï iañ;a mjik mßÈ úys¿jg lshk lreKq flfia fj;;a ;du;a ;ks mqoa., ,sx.sl tlaùïj,g jvd újdyl fcdavqj, ,sx.sl tlaùï by< m%jK;djla .kshs' oYl follg miqjo iudÔh ixialD;sl fukau ,sx.sl l;sldj fjkialïj,g Ndckhù ;sìh§ fuu jd¾;djka ;jÿrg;a j,x.=o hk m%Yakh b;sßù ;sfí'

, oYl folla fkdj mkia jirla blau .sh;a fuu iólaIK o;a; wog;a tlfiau j,x.=hs,

n%skaia mjihs'

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